Dr Krishnaveni Nayini

Which Foods to Eat and Avoid During Pregnancy?

Catagory: High Risk Pregnancy  Author: Dr Krishnaveni Nayini

A pregnant lady must navigate a lot of misunderstandings around consumption in addition to having a lot of other responsibilities. What to eat during pregnancy and what to avoid during pregnancy are confusing concerns for women. You should not fear, though, if you are pregnant or wish someone well.
Here is a list of the top 5 foods to eat and stay away from during pregnancy to help you.


What to Eat While Expecting?


Canned Fruit


Nutrition is the finest thing for a baby’s growth, and dry fruits are rich in it. The many varieties of dried fruits that are readily accessible nowadays include a wide range of necessary vitamins, minerals, amino acids, and other nutrients. In addition to immediately satisfying hunger, which can occasionally drive pregnant women crazy, dry fruits also work to restore hormone balance. While vitamin A from dried fruits helps the infant build strong teeth and bones, vitamin E aids in the development of cells and the lungs. Similar to how dried fruits, which include iron, magnesium, potassium, vitamin C, and other nutrients, aid in a baby’s overall growth. Prunes and dates in particular aid with the proper and easy delivery of the baby by strengthening the muscles around the uterus.


Salmon Liver Oil


Because it contains large levels of Omega 3 fatty acids, fish liver oil is typically recommended during pregnancy by female doctors. Although the human body does not naturally synthesise these fatty acids, they are crucial for the unborn child’s brain and visual development. Regular, moderate use also helps with the postpartum mood issues that pregnant women experience.


Brussels Sprouts and Other Greens


A cup of broccoli is regarded to be the utmost in nutritional value. That it is a superfood is undeniable. Due to the wide range of vitamins, minerals, and fibre they contain, dark leafy vegetables, such as broccoli, show to be quite advantageous for pregnant women. Additionally, broccoli’s antioxidants support the mother’s immune system when it becomes extremely susceptible to the baby within.




During the course of pregnancy, a woman’s body continues to change. Drinking adequate water will help you with it. Additionally, morning sickness, nausea, vertigo, constipation, and other disorders are common in pregnant women. While appropriate hydration can relieve these problems and aid the expectant woman, dehydration can make them worse.


Raw eggs, but not


Eggs are very versatile superfoods that aid in the development of the unborn child’s brain cells and strengthen the mother’s uterine muscles for an easier birth. Its high protein content sets it apart from other foods, along with its Omega 3 fatty acids, iron content, and good fats. However, one must avoid eating raw eggs since they encourage the growth of the salmonella bacterium. The mother’s body may also get dangerous diseases as a result of this bacterium. Overall, boiled eggs of excellent quality are healthful and are advised to be consumed throughout pregnancy.


What must a pregnant woman avoid?


Unwashed Foods


Let nothing prevent you from thoroughly washing fruits and vegetables before ingestion, notwithstanding your hectic schedule or dizziness. Toxins from tainted food can cause diseases like toxoplasmosis and damage to both the mother and the unborn child. A mother’s body cannot fight microorganisms if her immunity is inadequate. Therefore, it is imperative to avoid eating unclean fruits and vegetables at all costs when pregnant.


Booze and junk food


Everyone should abstain from alcohol and junk food if they want to live a healthy life. Because their bodies are more susceptible to the negative effects of such unsavoury meals and beverages, pregnant women need to take extra precautions. Consuming such blatantly unhealthy foods during pregnancy might increase blood sugar levels and increase the likelihood that the baby will be delivered heavier. This infant could develop into an obese adult who has linked ailments. Therefore, physicians highly advise against consuming alcohol and junk food when pregnant.




Caffeine has been known to cause miscarriages, which is something no mother wants to happen. As a result, it is one of the main foods to avoid when pregnant. According to studies, a pregnant woman should consume no more than 200 mg of caffeine daily, or about one cup of coffee. However, if you question a female doctor about pregnancy, she would undoubtedly suggest wellness teas as an improved substitute for coffee. This is due to the fact that teas have low levels of caffeine and are high in fibre, vital vitamins, and antioxidants.

Meat that is underdone, raw, or processed


Expectant moms are advised to eat a lot of meat to get enough protein. Processed meat or undercooked meat, however, can result in diseases including Salmonella, E. Coli, Toxoplasmosis, and Listeria. These bacteria’s toxicity might result in a kid being delivered early or even in a miscarriage. So, when pregnant, steam your meat thoroughly and stay away from raw and processed meat.


Mercaptan-rich Seafood


Fish-based seafood is generally regarded to be very beneficial for a developing infant. Fish is a wonderful source of iron, protein, omega 3 fatty acids, and zinc, therefore this is the case. Predatory fish, such as sharks, tilefish, and swordfish, have high levels of mercury, which is extremely harmful for a pregnant woman. Mercury buildup in the circulation is known to harm an unborn child’s nervous system and prevent the formation of brain cells. Shrimp, cod, salmon, and other seafood with low Mercury content should be chosen instead of high Mercury fish in order to prevent this harm.

It’s crucial to keep in mind that there is much more to the question of what to eat and what to avoid while pregnant even if these were the main components of the response. Therefore, if you have any concerns about becoming pregnant, you should visit a reputable female doctor. You may also leave a comment below if you have any questions on which foods to eat and which to avoid while pregnant.